The Counter-Reformation was the response of the Catholic Church to the Protestant Reformation. It began with the Council of Trent between 1545 and 1563 and led to reforms such as the foundation of seminaries for the proper training of priests and the foundation of new spiritual movements. Its main aims were the repression of the Protestantism and the Recatholisation of Protestant territories. The Counter-Reformation was one of the factors that led to the Thirty Years' War.
|Pope Leo X (1475-1521) had not taken seriously |
the demands for church reform that would quickly
grow into the Protestant Reformation
|Art played an important role for the propaganda |
of the Counter-Reformation
|Ingolstadt - a bastion for the traditional Catholic faith |
in southern Germany and place of activity for Johann Eck