The Pietism was an influential movement in Lutheranism that combined the Lutheran emphasis on Biblical doctrine with the Reformed emphasis on individual piety and living a vigorous Christian life. It originated in Germany in the late 17th century and had a tremendous impact on Protestantism around the World. The movement reached its zenith in the mid-18th century and declined through the 19th century.
Philipp Jakob Spener (1635-1705) was a German Lutheran theologian and is considered to be the Father of Pietism. In his main work, Pia desideria (1675), he denounced the wrongs in the Lutheran Church and suggested extensive reformations to strengthen and renew the Church through the development of more knowledgeable and devoted members. The University of Halle was founded under his influence in 1694.
The Francke Foundations in Halle were founded in 1695 by August Hermann Francke (1663-1727). They are a school city and one of the most important architectural monuments in Germany from the period of Pietism. The Francke Foundation Buildings seek for the inclusion on the UNESCO World Heritage List.